This living space project is designed by The architect Gerrit Rietveld. Which is bbuilt in 1924-1925, before it is renovated by the architect, this old house based in Utrecht, The Netherlands. For more information about this AD Classic: Rietveld Schroder House below!
When this old building was built in the 1920s, this house still act as visionary and eccentric as it is. The Schroder House designed by Gerrit Rietveld is continues to impress the architects and the interior designer with the innovative solutions to prominent design questions of its time. The distinguishable and the unique of the house on the every level are made by the flexibility of the interior spaces and the obviously planar quality of the house both gives it an edge.
Which is marked by the primary color and the pure ideas, the Schroder House is the only building which was designed in complete accordance with the De Stijl style. In the 1917 this movement was founded and it was named after a periodical which became the most influential voice for the ideals of the modern art and architecture in the Netherlands ; other famous people of the movement include Piet Mondrian and J.J.P. Oudh. The group of artists and architects “sought for the universal, as the individual was losing its significance… abstraction, precision, geometry, striving towards artistic purity and austerity.”
After the death of Mr. Schroder Schrader, his wife needs to move into a smaller house with their three kids until her death in 1985. The second floor house is transformated which consist of a kitchen/ dining/ living area, a studio space and the reading room on the bottom, while in the second floor contained a bedrooms and a storage space which is only separated by the portable partition. In the floor plan, the flexibility of space meant that there is no hierarchical arrangement of rooms. In around a central staircase is positioned the collapsible walls upstairs, it is designed to the children to provide an option of the pushing of the partitions in during the day for an open play space and closing them at night for private bedrooms.
The rooms for the kids is stated which the bed should be able to fit in two different positions, in each room should have the access to the water supply and drainage, also all off it should have the door access to the outdoors directly. Those three criteria are given by Mrs. Schroder. By the architect of this house, this kind of the detail is well planned and it is prominent in other areas of the house design. Like the specific paint colors to distinguish the different spaces or the function. The front door is the interesting example of this house project, where the black paint is used because the architect is anticipated that it will be the most accessed and will easily soiled.
Obviously the architect have a lot of experience for making the furniture, especially when noticing the detail and the functionality the screen window, portable partitions and the table which is made for the children. Which initially considered by the outskirt of Utrecht , the lot on which the house is built opened up to only a few views worth framing. The radical approach to the design, the use of the space and the purity of the house concept and ideas as represented in the De Stijl movement, all of that makes the Schroder House as an icon of the Modern Movement. The transformational quality of this house is evenly matched the compose of the space of the independent planes which perfectly met the goals of the De Stijl movement.
As with the old house early chairs, the architect gives a new spatial meaning to the straight lines and the rectangular planes of the various architectural structural elements, slab, post and beam which are composed in a balanced ensemble. The main structure of the house is of reinforced the concrete slabs and the steel profiles. The walls are made of brick and plaster; window frames, doors, and floors were made from wood. To preserve the strict design standards about intersecting planes, the windows are hinged so that they are only able to open 90 degrees to the wall.
- Architect: Gerrit Rietveld
- Location: Utrecht, The Netherlands
- Project Year: 1924-1925
- Photography: Wikimedia Commons, Great Buildings Online
- References: Galinsky, Ida Van Zijl, Gerrit Rietveld, UNESCO